Archive for the Victims Category

“Annie Chapman: A Brief History of ‘Dark Annie’, Jack the Ripper’s Fourth Victim in his Reign of Terror”

Posted in Victims on April 21, 2009 by chloefackler

Annie Chapman was born as Annie Eliza Smith in September 1841, but “to her friends the fourth victim was known simply as ‘Dark Annie’” (Sugden 77).  According to Casebook, and various accounts, Chapman was described as five foot, with a “pallid complexion”, blue eyes, dark brown hair, a “thick” nose, a stout build, and contained excellent teeth for the time – was possibly missing two. However when she was found dead at the age of forty-seven, Chapman was malnourished and suffering from tuberculosis. Her diseased lungs and brain tissue were causing a slow death for Chapman, yet these symptoms could have been attributed to syphilis, a disease better known as “the great imitator”.  Alcohol could have affected Chapman’s steady decline, nevertheless, she could not be classified as an alcoholic and even “her friend Amelia Palmer described her as a ‘sober, steady going woman who seldom took to drink’” (Casebook). 

The earlier version of the forty-seven year old Ripper victim was quite different then how she was described upon discovery.  At the age of twenty-eight, Annie Smith was married on May 1st, 1869, to a coachman named John Chapman whom she had three children with, however only one of the three was physically stable.  Although Chapman’s marriage is one of the few recorded amongst the Ripper victims, Annie and John were not meant to be, and between the years of 1884 and 1885 they “separated by mutual consent” for reasons cited as “uncertain” (Casebook).   In a police report, it is stated that the cause was attributed to Annie’s “drunken and immoral ways”. Yet it should be noted that her husband John “was [also] a heavy drinker and the misfortunes [with their] children must have imposed strains upon the union” (Sugden 78).  John Chapman died shortly after their divorce on December 25th, 1886, denying Annie of the allowance of 10s a week he had been providing her in the three or four years which they lived apart.  This loss of income nonetheless impacted her both financially as well as psychologically. 

In the years preceding her run in with the Ripper, Chapman struggled to survive and her living situation at the time of her death, including her occupation, was questionable.  For a stint, Chapman did “crochet work, made antimacassars and sold flowers”, but even though Annie “when sober [was] industrious…she was overfond of liquor”, and eventually turned to prostitution (Sugden 78). Circumstances such as these soon put her as a “sad, broken-down little prostitute, [who] lived a precarious and semi-nomadic existence on the streets and in the common lodging houses of Spitalfields” (Sugden 77).   The lodging houses in Spitalfields were “where [people] such as she herded like cattle”, and upon examination of these “dens”, the jury at Chapman’s inquest “did not require [reminding] of what life in a Spitalfields lodginghouse meant” (Evans 102-103). 

Annie Chapman lived at the Crossingham’s Lodging House, which housed around 300 people, from either May or June 1888.  The lodging house at Crossingham’s is where Chapman met and began her relationship with Edward Stanley, a bricklayer who claimed to be a member of the military, but admitted later he was not of any sort.  According to Casebook, Annie did not “take to prostitution until after her husband’s death”, however Stanley, who apparently told the lodge house’s deputy to not allow Chapman entrance with another man, also discouraged this type of “work”.  However Stanley often paid for a bed for both Annie and Eliza Cooper, a woman who Annie was seen arguing with over Edward Stanley on several occasions (Evans103).

Instances such as this occurred on the days leading up to her death, and on Monday, September 3rd, Annie Chapman met with her friend Amelia Palmer who noticed bruises on Chapman’s right temple left from an altercation. After Palmer’s inquiry, Annie Chapman opened her dress to reveal her chest, stating then that she felt unwell and would perhaps visit her sister to “get a pair of boots” to “go hop picking” (Casebook).  Although it is unknown if Annie did visit her sister or try and cure her ailment, Palmer did see Chapman again, still malnourished and sickly, and gave her money for tea, not rum.  The lack of funds and desperate situation that “Dark Annie” Chapman found herself in, lead her on Friday, September 7th, 1888, to drink away what money she possessed and “between [the hours of]1 and 2 o’clock…when the money for her bed was demanded, she was obliged to admit that she was without means, and at once turned out into the street to find it” (Evans 103). 

According to The Ultimate Jack the Ripper Companion, Annie left the lodging house around 1:45 a.m. that Saturday morning and was seen by a night watchman, and then was observed walking toward Brushfield-street, yet not in the direction of Hanbury-street.  Researchers at Casebook then put Mr. John Richardson entering the backyard of number twenty-nine Hanbury Street at approximately 4:45 a.m.  Richardson was on his way to work and sat down to remove a piece of leather from his boot, and though it was dark this seat would have placed him “no more than a yard away from where the head of Annie Chapman would have been” if she had already been mutilated by Jack the Ripper.  Despite this proximity, Richardson later stated that he saw nothing of “extraordinary nature”.  What occurred later at 5:30 a.m. was witnessed by Elizabeth Long, who testified that she saw Chapman talking with a man and leaning against number twenty-nine Hanbury Street, Long stated that she heard the man ask “Will you?” and Annie reply “Yes.”  Elizabeth Long told the police that she was indeed certain of the time this conversation took place, because she heard “the clock on the Black Eagle Brewery…strike the half hour just as she had turned the street”, however she could not describe the man because his back was turned toward her. 

Just after Elizabeth Long saw Annie Chapman, a carpenter named Albert Cadosch who lived at number twenty-seven Hanbury Street, recalled hearing a woman saying “No!” and then something falling down from behind the fence separating the two houses.  A little before 6:00 a.m., a resident of number twenty-nine Hanbury Street found Annie Chapman’s body, and at 6:30 a.m. Dr. George Bagster Phillips arrived to the scene and later described his findings in an inquest testimony:

“Her left arm was placed across the left breast. The legs were drawn up, the feet resting on the ground, and the knees turned outwards… The tongue protruded between the front teeth, but not beyond the lips… The body was terribly mutilated… the throat was dissevered deeply…the incision through the skin were jagged and reached right round the neck… The abdomen had been entirely laid open: the intestines, severed from their mesenteric attachments, had been lifted out of the body and placed on the shoulder of the corpse; whilst from the pelvis, the uterus and its appendages with the upper portion of the vagina and the posterior two thirds of the bladder, had been entirely removed…” (Casebook)

Dr. Phillips believed that Annie Chapman had “been dead at least two hours, probably longer” (Sugden 87), and that the same knife, “probably with a thin, narrow blade at least six to eight inches long” (Sugden 91), had made all of the incisions. He stated in his post mortem report that “he himself could not have performed all the injuries he described, even without a struggle, under a quarter of an hour”, yet he also believed that there had indeed been no struggle or “meaningless cuts” (Sugden 87& Evans 105).

            Among the clothing and miscellaneous possessions found on “Dark Annie”, two items stand out from the rest.  The three brass rings which Chapman had been seen wearing before her murder, which went missing after she was attacked and an envelope which contained two pills stamped with the Sussex Regiment seal, and bore the postal stamp “London, 28, Aug., 1888” (Casebook).  Still, it is debatable whether the Ripper, or a bystander took the rings during the ciaos of the discovery and it has since been proven that it is possible for citizens to obtain the pills found on Chapman’s person.  Dr. Phillips believed however that all of the items “had not been casually cast to the ground. ‘They had apparently been placed there in order’, he would later state at the inquest, ‘that is to say, arranged there’” (Sugden 88).  The “business-like precision” in which the contents of Chapman’s pockets were emptied and placed near her feet echoes closely to the “cool impudence and reckless daring” that the Ripper took with his victim. 

            Post-examination, Annie Chapman was buried on Friday, September 14th, 1888, in a “black-draped elm coffin” and carried by hearse to the City of London Cemetery at Manor Park Cemetery, and then buried in public grave number seventy-eight.  Annie’s relatives, who met the hearse at the plot and also requested to keep the ceremony a secret, paid for the funeral of Annie Chapman and were the only ones to attend (Casebook). 

After the inquest of Annie Chapman, the jury returned a verdict of  “willful murder against some person or persons unknown” and that they “were confronted with a murder of no ordinary character, committed not from jealousy, revenge, or robbery, but from motives less adequate than many which still disgraced out civilization, marred our progress, and blotted the pages of our Christianity” (Evans 107).  Their opinions of this crime were very accurate for the Victorian Era; as no one had seen a murder of this magnitude and brutality until Jack the Ripper began his reign of terror. 

           


Works Cited

 

Evans, Stewart P., and Keith Skinner. Ultimate Jack the Ripper Companion an Illustrated Encyclopedia. New York: Carroll & Graf, Inc., 2000.

 Schachner, Thomas. “Annie Chapman.” Casebook: Jack the Ripper. Ed. Stephen P.Ryder. 1996-2009. 5 Apr. 2009.

 Sugden, Philip. The Complete History of Jack the Ripper. New York: Carroll & Graf, Inc., 2002.

Victims

Posted in Victims on April 25, 2008 by jmcgowan

Victims

Mary Ann Nichols: 26 August, 1845- 30 August, 1888

Nichols was once married to a man named William Nichols, however they both had a rough life together due to many separations. The final separation was committed when William found out that his wife was working as a prostitute. At the time of Mary’s death her husband had not seen her for about three years.

Annie Chapman: September 1841- 8 September 1888

Chapman was suffering from both brain disease and tuberculosis at the time of her murder. She was a short woman, 5 foot even, with brown hair. She was married to John Chapman, a coach driver, but separated around 1884 for unknown reasons. At the time of her death Annie had been living in a common dodging house with some 300 plus people.

Elizabeth Stride: 27 November, 1843- 30 September, 1888

Known as a clean cut and hard working woman. Stride was a cleaner and did other miscellaneous jobs along with prostitution on the side. She was brought to court a few times on disorderly conduct, however she was known to be a kind woman in general. Elizabeth was but married to John Stride, by the time of her murder he would be dead from heart disease for some four years. It should be known as well that there is much talk over Stride’s murder and if it is a real Ripper murder due to it being on the same night as Eddowes.

Catherine Eddowes: 14 April, 1842- 30 September,1888

The daughter of a tin plate worker, Eddowes was a smart woman according to sources, but was known to have a terrible anger as well. She is the only Ripper victim to be killed outside of the Whitechapel district and it is her killing that truly brought to light the conditions of living for the slums of London.

Mary Jane Kelly: 1863- 9 November, 1888

Mary Kelly was a well liked, tall woman (5’7″) who was the last of the canonical Ripper victims. At one point she lived with Joseph Burnett, who would later be a serious suspect in the murders. She was killed in her room and is undoubtedly the most vicious and disturbing murder of the five. She was killed on her bed with her entire body completely mutilated. Truly an atrocious way to die.

Five Victims

Posted in Victims on April 25, 2008 by tsmith512

Mary Ann Nichols

The first Ripper victim, discovered on the morning of August 31st, 1888. She was born in 1845. She married a man named William who worked with a printer and had five children with him. The two separated in 1881. She got a job as a servant in May of 1888, but was discharged for stealing. She was evicted from a lodging house in August and killed on the 31st.

Annie Chapman

The second Ripper victim. She was killed on September 8th, 1888. In 1869, she married a coachman named John. They had two children and later separated. He paid her a semi-regular alimony, but when he stopped, she turned to prostitution in an attempt to make ends meet. Her murder was more violent that Mary Ann Nichols, with her throat slashed, several internal organs removed, and her body was positioned. This is also where the leather apron was found, which led to the suspicion of a butcher being responsible.

Elizabeth Stride

The third generally accepted Ripper victim. She was the first in what is known as the “double-event.” Born in Sweden, she moved to London in 1866. She married John Thomas Stride in 1869. She was discovered dead very early in the morning of September 30th, 1888, about 1am. It is believed that Mr. Diemschutz disturbed Jack in the middle of mutilating her for two reasons: she was not mutilated to the extent of the others and hours later, the next victim was found:

Catherine Eddowes

The fourth Ripper victim, the second of the “double-event,” murdered only hours after Elizabeth Stride. Born in 1842 in Wolverhampton. She lived for a time with John Kelly and worked with him in the hops fields and worked as a prostitute as well. She was also murdered on the morning of September 30th, within hours of Stride’s murder. Her throat was slit and she was disemboweled as well.

Mary Jane Kelly

Mary Kelly is the fifth and final generally accepted Ripper victim, and her murder was by far the most brutal. She was born in 1863 and moved to Wales during her early childhood. She married a collier in 1879, who died in an explosion two or three years later. At this point, she became a prostitute. She came to a brothel in London in 1884. She was killed at about 4am where she lived. She was horribly mutilated, disemboweled, and some of her belongings were burned in the fireplace. Additionally, her heart was missing.

Those that were killed:

Posted in Victims on February 13, 2008 by gregsteible

First off i would like to apologize for the fact that this post is a week and change late, apparently i coppied down the wrong tuesday on my calendar… go figure. And secondly id like to get down to business (assuming that we are to discribe all five victims)

Mary Ann Nichols

Life: She was born in 1845. She was married to a printer’s machinist with whom she had 5 children. She became separated from William (the printer’s machinist) in 1881, and in 1884 William gained custody of the children. She then moved in with Drew, a blacksmith and then a year later that came to a close due to an argument. In June of 1886, she was present at her son’s funeral and saw William (the last time they had contact). In May of 1888 she found a job as a domestic servant but then got fired 2 months later for stealing. She then started living with another prostitute and then was evicted in August of 1888. She was killed 2 days later.

Death: On the 31st she was found dead with her throught slit significantly, yet no blood on her clothes or breasts. There were some other cuts on her lower torso. She was burried 6 days later.

Done by JTR?: probably, yes, or perhaps definately yes if this was the first victim, but at the same time i suppose it is still possible that none of the murders were done by the same person? but for the purpose of this i will say yes.

Annie Chapman

Life: Born in 1841, she was the son of a soldier who became a domestic servant. In 1869 she married John, a coachman. They had a few children and were separated in about 1885ish. In the following year, her allowance from her husband stopped comming, and she was living it seems on the streets of whitechapel. She died on September 8 of 1888.

Death: She was found dead in a back yard with a slit throat and several other cuts on the abdomen.

Done by JTR?: This one seems to be the most reasonable by the same person (in my mind mainly due to the close proximity in date of the first 2 murders)

Elizabeth Stride

is completely unimportant due to the fact that she was simply not (in my mind) a JTR victim. She simply does not fit the whole increasing gore pattern. She only had her throat slit. boring.
Catherine Eddows

Life: Born in 1842 (probably), really there is not much information about her early life, though her husband left her in 1880 due to alcohol issues.  She then moves in with John Kelley in 1881.  They would work in the hops fields collecting hops during the hops season, and the rest of the year she would sell herself as a prostitute.

Death:  Her throat was slit of course, plus some significantly brutal slashings all over her body.  Some disembowelment occurred.  The murder happened approximately an hour after the death of Liz stride.

Done by JTF?:  This murder seem likely to have been done by the same person as the first two murders.  It still is systematically done it seems and it just seems to fit in with the first two murders.

Mary Jane Kelly

Life: Mary was born in Ireland, probably.  Her early life is the least documented of the canonical five.  In aproximately 1879, she married Davies.  She later gets an invite to france from a client, but does not like it so comes back and moves to the east end.  She met a man in May of 1887 and the next day they desided to live together.  October 30th 1888, the man moved out due to the fact that another prostitute had begun living with them. She then died on November 9th.

Death: This is the most brutal by far of the murders.  Her throat was slit along with significant distruction of much of her flesh.  It is almost too brutal to be considered a JTR murder due to the sheer shredding of much of the flesh.  The organs were also taken out similarly to Catherine Eddowes only to a much higher intensity.

Done by JTR?: I would argue no simply due to the fact that it was done so brutaly.  It seems more likely to me to be a copy cat murder.  It seems as though the fellow that killed the first 3 (or 4 i guess) women would not have been this brutal.  It seems almost as though less thought was taken during this murder than the others.

And now a joke to lighten the mood…:

The first alien said, that girl just rolled her eyes at me.  The second alien said If you were a real gentleman you would pick them up and roll them back to her!

Prostitution Kills

Posted in Victims on February 6, 2008 by sesshy

Mary Ann Nichols
Aged 43 years, 5’2″, dark complexion and graying brown hair. She had a normal life with a husband and five children until she supposed that an affair had taken place between her husband and their midwife. The marriage was finally broken up over that accusation and her drinking problem. After she was left in the streets without her family, she was suspected of living with another man and working the streets at night. When her husband learned of her money-earning practices, he completely cut her already scant allowance. She began to work back and forth between the Lambeth Workhouse and the Lambeth Infirmary. After a while she stayed with her father, but ended up ultimately working in the workhouses the rest of her life. On the night of her murder, Nichols needed money for her bed. She swore to the proprietor that she would go get his money and that he should hold her bed. She went out into the night with a bit of the drink in her and a “jolly bonnet” upon her head. This was the last time that she was seen alive.
This woman was fully capable of having a fulfilling life. Her troubles began with drinking and severe paranoia. Due to the fact that her children remained with their father after the separation and refused to know her afterwards suggests that she was a truly messed up individual. It is to her credit that she was always working, but her part-time position as a common whore for drinking money does nothing to suggest that she was in control of herself.

Annie Chapman
Aged 46 years, 5′ flat, pallid complexion and dark brown wavy hair. She marries late and bears three children. The marriage is mutually terminated (possibly for their drinking problems) and Annie becomes a street walker. She was allotted an allowance of 10 shillings a week until her husband’s death on Christmas of 1886. After that she had trouble maintaining a livelihood and supporting her alcohol consumption. She would sometimes get money from relatives, but it would be spent immediately and Annie would be right back on the streets. On the night of her murder she was expected to pay for her bed, but the money she had just obtained from relatives was already gone. She also told the proprietor to hold her bed and then set out.
It is significant that Annie was left in the yard of 29 Hanbury Street because it related to her regular bed number down the road. Possibly meaning that either the killer was aware of her preference or she was mildly superstitious. She was the first of the victims to have their abdomen cut and organs tampered with. This is unique for the fact that her estimated time of death was after sunrise in a busy yard.

Catherine Eddowes
Aged 46 years, 5′ flat and dark auburn hair. Her life was less traditional than the other girls. It wasn’t known if she was married to the father of her three children and, in any case, they broke up due to Kate’s drinking. For a short stint she served as her daughter’s nurse, but again drinking and mooching money caused her own daughter to kick her out. She eventually moved into Cooney’s lodging house and was said to have a jolly character. The man she was involved with wasn’t aware that she occasionally solicited men for booze money. She was considered an upstanding woman. On the night of her murder, Kate was arrested for being drunk in public and not an hour after she was released, her body was found mutilated in the street.
This murder has the same aspects that the previous two, but this time their are witnesses that claim to have seen the murderer. While it cannot be discerned whether or not that was the last man that she was with that night, it’s possible that the testimonies are worthless. Her murder proves that all the mutilations were done post-mortem and the depth of the slashes across her throat indicate that she wouldn’t have been able to scream. Only portions of organs were missing from her body.

Elizabeth Stride
Aged 45 years, 5’5″, pale complexion and dark brown curly hair. She was born in Sweden and was consistently a member of the church. Elizabeth marries an older man named Stride and they begin a business together. After the business is sold, Elizabeth makes up the story of being aboard the Princess Alice as it sank and losing her husband and children. This is all a ruse to elicit money from the church. When her husband does actually die several years later, she moves in with a man called Kidney for around three years. She normally made money through sewing and charring, Mr. Kidney, and part-time whoring. In fact, four years prior to her marriage she was legally considered a prostitute. On the night of her death there is also a witness. Unfortunately the man considered the actions as domestic violence and left it alone. Her body was found by a man with a horse and buggy. The horse shied away from the yard and continued acting strangely. This, and the temperature and lack of mutilation, suggests that the man that found the body was not alone in the courtyard. It’s speculated that the ripper was interrupted and that is why Catherine Eddowes was murdered latered in the same night.
As far as I can tell, Elizabeth is the only one that was considered a full-time holder of the position of slut. The police acknowledged it as fact. It is quite obvious that she was not what you would consider upperclass, but she did have a fair bit of schooling and was a kind-natured and clean woman.

Mary Jane Kelly
Aged 25 years, 5’7″, fair complexion and blonde hair. Mary did not fit the profile of the other victims. While she was a part-time streetwalker, she was really young, rather tall, and her hair was blonde. On top of that, there is no record of her past. The only truth to be known from everything said about her is that she was born in Ireland and married once. Around three years into that marriage the man blew up. After the accident Kelly went to stay with a cousin and live as a prostitute. Another difference would be that she was actually attractive enough to secure a place in a brothel. She stays in a home in the West End for a while with a richer set of people. This is where some say she acquired such high airs about herself. A bit of bad luck with the drink and she’s stuck in the East End. There she meets with a man that stays with her in a single room in Miller’s Court. They were content in this place until Kelly began harboring other prostitutes. Barnett couldn’t take it anymore and left her. Stepping up her whoring game, Kelly was thought to have brought a man back to the room with her where he murdered her. Her body was only discovered because of her late rent.
Many things about Kelly’s death are inconsistent with the normal pattern of a Jack killing. This is the only one that was not on the street. She was so mutilated over her entire body that she was barely discernable as human. External parts were removed, her face hacked, and part of her ears chopped off. Her abdomen was completely open and the organs had been taken out and arranged around and under her body. Her thighs were hacked to the bone. This is said to be Jack the Ripper’s final killing due to the fact that it was so extensively done that nothing could top it. It is possible that the killer finally had time to complete his work and be satisfied.

The Victims- Jack Merrywell

Posted in Victims with tags on February 6, 2008 by jackmerrywell

Mary Ann Nichols

     Mary Nichols is the first confirmed Ripper victim.  Her body was discovered during the early morning hours of August 31, 1888.  She was first found by a pair of carmen; however, they did little about their disturbing find.  Later, a constable passed the area on his beat, the alarm sounded, and Dr. Llewellen was called to examine the body.  Because of the gloom, the extent of the woman’s injuries was unknown until she was taken to be autopsied.  It was determined that Mary was found within thirty minutes of being found; however, there is much dispute over whether or not she was killed at the location of the find.  Much of the evidence was lost when the body was washed before being properly examined.  Mary’s wounds included a slit throat (left to right) and cuts to the left side, windpipe, gullet, and spinal cord.  There was also some bruising to the neck, possibly the result of strangulation.  It seems likely that the killer had some knowledge of anatamy, perhaps that of a butcher or doctor.

Annie Chapman

       Annie Chapman, the second Ripper victim, died on September 8, 1888.  Her body was found in the back yard of a house on Hanbury Street by John Davis, a carman.  Her left arm was across her chest, and her legs were spread apart with the soles of her feet on the ground.  There was quite a lot of blood, and some of her entrails were lying by her side.  Once again, the victim’s body was prematurely stripped and washed before a full examination occured.  The wounds inflicted during this murder were consistent with the wounds found on Polly Nichols:  the throat was cut from left to right.  There was a leather apron found near the site of the murder, leading to speculation of a butcher’s involvement; however, it was not connected to the crimes.

Catherine Eddowes

     On Sunday, September 30, 1888, a driver named Louis Diemschutz came across the body of Catherine Eddowes, the third victim of Jack the Ripper.  Her throat had been cut from left to right an there were other lacerations to her face; however, the lack of the Ripper’s other signature cuts points to the theory that Diemschutz disturbed the murderer as he was commiting his crime.  This was highly unfortunate, as the unfinished crime seems not to have satisfied the killer’s bloodlust…

Elizabeth Stride

     The fourth Ripper victim, killed the same nite as Catherine Eddowes, was Elizabeth Stride.  She was discovered in Mitre Square by PC Edward Watkins.  Her injuries were considerably more complete than those of Eddowes:  she had her throat cut, her bowels removed,  here stomach cut, and she was lying in a pool of blood.  Here face had been badly mutilated.  It seems as though Jack the Ripper’s MO was escalating. 

Mary Kelly

    Mary Jane  Kelly was the fifth and final Ripper victim.  She was discovered by her landlord’s assistant, Thomas Bowyer, who had been sent to collect her rent.  Kelly was lying naked on her bed, her body horribly mutilated.  There were two lumps of flesh lying on the bedside table, and the body itself was barely recognizable as human.  Much of the abdomen and thigh tissue had been removed, the breasts were cut off, the extremites mutilated, the neck was very nearly completely severed, and the face was completely unrecognizable.  Several internal organs were also found scattered around the body.  It was the most horrific and violent of the murders, and certainly the culmination of the Ripper’s deeds.

London Whores Go Falling Down

Posted in Victims on February 6, 2008 by damuffnman

Five women who worked as prostitutes to make ends meet, or tried to meet them at least, were found dead. Five: Mary Nichols, Annie Chapman, Elizabeth Stride, Cathrine Eddowes, Mary Kelly. Everyone has told us how they died, but I’m more concerned with what Jack’s victimology tells us about him.

1. They were all women, this could be do to the times, or Jack could have had a bad relation ship with a female in his lifetime, been similar to “the lodger” and done it for religious reasons, he might have been insecure and found women less threatening, or he may of just chosen five people at random and there was an abundance of women.

2. The severity of the crimes escalated, while his “cooling off” period showed very little patter. Perhaps Jack started and just killing brought him a “rush,” but after just killing he needed more, and began disemboweling his victims. The night of the double murder he did not mutilate Stride, it is suspected he was interrupted, this could have triggered a very violent response which he needed to act upon so he found Eddowes and killed and mutilated her. The time between victims goes 8 days, 22 days, 30ish minutes, and 40 days. This is not typical of most serial killers. In the standard killer the time between murders gets smaller and smaller, it does not increase. Perhaps he was a sailor and was gone for extended periods, this would also give him the physical size needed to kill the victims with minimal effort. Maybe he was arrested?

3. Four out of the five were married and divorced. Jack may have felt these women wronged the men they were with and needed to be punished. Jack cold have very well been a chauvinist and felt women had no place to decide anything in relationships. Because Mary Kelly was a common alias used by many women, Jack may have had her confused with someone else, and upon discovering she was not who he thought she was, snapped and proceded to mutilated almost to the point where she wasn’t recognizable.

Or it have all been a Masonic plot to silence those who knew… *evil laugh* *fiendish grin on my face*

-Chapman.